PERAK (Sultanate)

 
TITLE: HRH Sultan DYNASTY: Malacca RELIGION: Muslim
STATE: Malaysia POPULATION: 2,000,000 CAPITAL: Ipoh
AREA: 21,000 km2
FORMAL NAME: Perak Darul Ridzwan



PRESENT RULER:

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Negeri Perak Darul Ridzwan established in 1528. The present sultanate traces its origins to Sultan Muzaffar, the eldest son of the last Sultan of Malaka. Because of its rich tin deposits, Perak constantly faced outside threats to its sovereingnty. The state was first ravaged by the Achinese in the 16th century.  After 1641, the Dutch attempted to establish a monopoly over Perak's tin trade by building forts on Pangkor Island and at the mouth of the Perak River, but without great success. In the 18th century, Perak was threatend by the Bugis in the South and the Thai in the north. The state was saved from Thai domination with the British assistance in 1820s. The growing importance of tin on the world market led to an influx of Chinese miners into the rich tin fields of Larut.  This development however destabilised the traditional Malya polity in the Perak River Valley.  In the 1870s, the state was torn by a succession dispute to the throne and war in Larut between feuding Chinese tin miners. This led to the British intervention in 1874 when they imposed the Pangkor Engagement on the Perak chiefs and took control of the state. Constant oppositon from the Perak Chiefs resulted in the assassination of the first British Resident and a brief war. The state later became a model for the develpment of the British 'residential system' and in 1896 became one of the four Malay states forming the Federated Malay States. After the Japanese occupation, Perak became part of the Malayan Union and then of the Federation of Malaya. Rulers were...
  1. Sultan MUZAFFAR SHAH I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Shah, 1st Sultan of Perak 1528/-, son of the last Sultan of Malaka (see Johor), married and had issue.
    • Sultan Mansur Shah I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mudzaffar Shah (qv)
    • Raja Abdul Jalil ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mudzaffar Shah
    • Raja Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mudzaffar Shah, married a daughter of Sultan Zainalabidin Shah, 10th Sultan of Atjeh in 1579, and had issue.
      • Raja Mansur ibni Raja Ahmad, he succeeded as Sultan Alauddin Shah II bin Raja Ahmad, 11th Sultan of Atjeh, married (amongst others), Puteri Diraja Ratna Vemsa Paduka Shahalam binti al-Marhum Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah, daughter of Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah IV Sayyid ul-Mukammil, 13th Sultan of Atjeh, and had issue. He died 1585.
        • Raja (name unknown) binti Raja Mansur, married Sultan Munawar bin al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad, Raja Muda Indrapura, and had issue.
  2. Sultan MANSUR SHAH I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mudzaffar Shah, 2nd Sultan of Perak, married and had issue.
    • Sultan Ahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah (qv)
    • Raja Mansur ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah

  3. Sultan AHMAD SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah, 3rd Sultan of Perak, married and had issue.
    • Raja Kechil ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Shah, married and had issue.
      • Sultan Ali Alauddin Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Kechil (qv)
      • Sultan Mansur Shah II ibni al-Marhum Raja Kechil (qv)

  4. Sultan ALI ALAUDDIN SHAH ibni al-Marhum Raja Kechil, 4th Sultan of Perak,

  5. Sultan MANSUR SHAH II ibni al-Marhum Raja Kechil, 5th Sultan of Perak

  6. 6th Sultan of Perak

  7. 7th Sultan of Perak

  8. 8th Sultan of Perak

  9. Sultan MUZAFFAR SHAH II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Shah, 9th Sultan of Perak, married and had issue. He died 1653/1654.
    • Sultan Mahmud Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah (qv)
    • Sultan Mansur Shah IV ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah (qv)

  10. Sultan MAHMUD SHAH II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah, 10th Sultan of Perak 1654/1720, died 1720.

  11. Sultan MANSUR SHAH IV ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah, 11th Sultan of Perak 1720/172x, married and had issue.
    • Sultan Alauddin Shah I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah (qv)
    • Sultan Muzaffar Shah III ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah (qv)
    • Sultan Muhammed Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah
    • Raja Hamid ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah
    • Raja Puteh ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Halim ibni Raja Puteh

  12. Sultan ALAUDDIN SHAH I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah, 12th Sultan of Perak 172x/172x, died before 1728.

  13. Sultan MUZAFFAR SHAH III ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah, 13th Sultan of Perak 172x/1754, died 1754.

  14. Sultan MUHAMMED SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah, 14th Sultan of Perak 1754/1756, married and had issue. He died 1756.
    • ?Sultan Alauddin Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammed Shah, married and had issue.
      • HH Sultan Ahmaddin Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Alauddin Shah (qv)
    • HH Sultan Iskandar Shah I Kaharullah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammed Shah (qv)
    • HH Sultan Mahmud Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammed Shah (qv)

  15. HH Sultan ISKANDAR SHAH I KAHARULLAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammed Shah, 15th Sultan of Perak 1756/1770, died 1764/1770.

  16. HH Sultan MAHMUD SHAH II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammed Shah, 16th Sultan of Perak 1770/1777, married and had issue. He died 1773/1777.
    • Raja Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Mahmud ibni Raja Ibrahim, married and had issue.
        • Raja Radin ibni Raja Mahmud
        • Raja Laut ibni Raja Mahmud, died 1830.

  17. HH Sultan MANSUR SHAH V, 17th Sultan of Perak 1777/1792

  18. HH Sultan AHMADDIN SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Shah, 18th Sultan of Perak 1792/1806, married and had issue. He died 1806.
    • HH Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmaddin Shah (qv)
    • Raja Inu ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmaddin Shah, married and had issue.
      • HH Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Inu (qv)
    • Raja Abdul Rahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmaddin Shah, married and had issue.
      • HH Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I ibni al-Marhum Raja Abdul Rahman (qv)
    • Raja Mandak binti al-Marhum Sultan Ahmaddin Shah, married Raja Shaikh al-Khairat Amin of Siak [or Sayyid Itam from Selangor], and had issue.
      • HH Sultan Ismail Muabiddin Riayat Shah ibni al-Marhum Syed Shaikh al-Khairat Amin (qv)

  19. HH Sultan ABDUL MALIK MANSUR SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmadin Shah, 19th Sultan of Perak 1806/1818 (deposed), married and had issue. He died 1825.
    • HH Sultan Abdullah Muadzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah (qv)
    • Raja Tajuddin ibni Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah (regent) 1818/1825
    • Raja Aminah binti al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah, married Raja Ngah Laut.
    • Raja Che' Puan Busu binti al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah [Che'Long], married Raja Ahmad, Raja Kechil Tengah, Sultan Muda, possibly son of Raja Said of Daik (Lingga), and had issue.
      • HH Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Ahmad (qv)
      • Raja Che' Puan Muda binti al-Marhum Raja Ahmad
      • Raja Alang Iskandar ibni al-Marhum Raja Ahmad, Bendahara, married (amongst others) Che' Ken Uda binti Abdul Rahman and had issue. He died 1849.
        • HH Paduka Seri Sultan Idris I Murshiduladzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar (qv)
        • Raja Kulop Muhammed ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar
        • Raja Lope Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar
        • Raja Hasan ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar
        • Raja Mahmud ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar
        • Raja Teh Mas binti al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar

  20. HH Sultan ABDULLAH MUADZAM SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah, 20th Sultan of Perak 1825/1830, he died 1830.

  21. HH Sultan SHAHABUDDIN RIAYAT SHAH ibni al-Marhum Raja Inu, 21st Sultan of Perak 1830/1851, married, and had issue. He died 1851.
    • HH Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah (qv)
    • Raja Tipah binti al-Marhum Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah, married HH Paduka Seri Sultan ABDULLAH MUHAMMAD SHAH II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah (see below), and had issue.

  22. HH Sultan ABDULLAH MUHAMMAD SHAH I ibni al-Marhum Raja Inu, 22nd Sultan of Perak 1851/1857, married and had issue.
    • HH Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf I Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah (qv)
    • Raja Sulaiman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah
    • Raja Abduzzahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Mahmud ibni Raja Abduzzahman
    • Raja Abdurrahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Ibrahim ibni Raja Abdurrahman
      • Raja Mahmud ibni Raja Abdurrahman
      • Raja Ali ibni Raja Abdurrahman
      • Raja Alang ibni Raja Abdurrahman
    • Raja Pandak Abdul Samad ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married Raja Nandak binti al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah (see below)

  23. HH Sultan JA'AFAR SAFIUDDIN MUAZZAM SHAH ibni al-Marhum Raja Ahmad, 23rd Sultan of Perak 1857/1865, married (amongst others) (a), Wan Mahtra binti Laksamana To'Bongkok, married (b), Raja Kecil Puan Besar, and had issue. He died 20th March 1865.
    • HH Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah (by Wan Mahtra) (qv)
    • Raja Musa ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah, Raja Muda 1899, married and had issue. He died 12th March 1906.
      • HH Sultan Abdul Aziz Al-Mu'tasim Billah Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa (qv)
    • Raja Nandak binti al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah, married Raja Pandak Abdul Samad ibni ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah (see above)
    • Raja Long binti al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah (by Kecil Puan Besar), married Raja Kecik of Siak.
    • Raja Ngah binti al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah (by Wan Mahtra), married Daeng Perbu bin Raja Bernih.

  24. HH Sultan ALI AL-MUKAMMAL INAYAT SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah, 24th Sultan of Perak 1865/1871, married and had issue. He died 1871.
    • Raja Osman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah, married and had issue. He died 1876.
      • Raja Abubakar ibni Raja Osman
    • Raja Omar ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah, married and had issue. He died after 1880.
      • Raja Abubakar ibni Raja Omar
      • Raja Iskandar ibni Raja Omar
    • Raja Jawah binti al-Marhum Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah
    • Raja (name unknown) binti al-Marhum Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah, married HH Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah

  25. HH Sultan ISMAIL MUABBIDIN RIAYAT SHAH ibni al-Marhum Syed Shaikh al-Khairat, 25th Sultan of Perak 1871/1874 (deposed), he died in 1899.

  26. HH Paduka Seri Sultan ABDULLAH MUHAMMAD SHAH II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah, 26th Sultan of Perak 1874/1877 (deposed), Raja Muda Perak [cr.1865], married (amongst others) (a), Raja Tipah binti al-Marhum Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah (see above), married (b), Raja (name unknown) binti al-Marhum Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah, daughter of HH Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah, 24th Sultan of Perak, and had issue. He died 1922 in Singapore.
    • Raja Mansur ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah (by Raja Tipah), married and had issue.
      • Raja Abdul Majid ibni Raja Mansur
      • Raja Haji Kamaralzaman ibni Raja Mansur, born 28th September 1892, Raja Kecil Besar 10th-May-1934, Raja Kecil Muda 1st-Jan-1940, Raja Kecil Tengah 7th-Sep-1940, Raja Di-Hilir 1949, married and had issue, 25 children. He died in July 1962.
        • Raja Dato' Seri Haji Azman ibni Raja Kamaralzaman, born 13th November 1918, Commissioner of Lands and Mines 1951/1970, married Raja Fatimah binti Raja Zainal Azman (see below), and had issue, eight children.
        • Raja Alang Kamar ibni Raja Kamaralzaman
        • Datin Raja Teh Zaiton binti Raja Kamaralzaman 
        • Raja Biazid ibni Raja Kamaralzaman, married Raja Hanizah binti Tengku Khalid Shah. 
      • Raja Badiuzaman ibni Raja Mansur, married and had issue.
        • Raja Tan Seri Mohar ibni Raja Badiuzaman, born 23rd February 1922,
        • Raja Ahmad ibni Raja Badiuzaman, born 23rd March 1927, married Siti Julita binti Abdullah Arif, and had issue, three children.
      • Raja Ali Shah ibni Raja Mansur
      • Raja Puteh Mariam binti Raja Mansur
      • Raja Shamsiah binti Raja Mansur
    • Raja Sir Chulan ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, born 1st June 1869, Raja di-Hilir Perak [cr.1921], Member of State Council 1906, Member of Federal Council 1924, C.M.G. (Hon.)[cr.1925], married 18th December 1899, Raja Puteh Kalsom binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah, Raja Perempuan Kechil, and had issue. He died 10th April 1933.
      • Raja Zainal Azman ibni Raja Chulan, Raja Kecil Bongsu, married and had issue.
        • Raja Fatimah binti Raja Zainal Azman, married Raja Dato' Seri Haji Azman ibni Raja Kamaralzaman (see above).
      • Raja Aminah binti Raja Chulan, born 1900, married 7th May 1925, HH Sultan Osman Al-Sani Perkasa Alam Shaha II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Amaluddin Sani Perkasa Alam Shah of Deli. She died sp on 26th January 1934.
      • Raja Menterah binti Raja Chulan
    • Raja Abdul Malik ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Datok Seri Ahmad Hisham ibni Raja Abdul Malik, born 19th August 1906, Raja Kecil Tengah 1962, Raja Kecil Besar, Raja di-Hilir [cr. 1-Aug-1978], died 1997.
    • Raja Said Tauphy ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, born 1878, Raja Kecil Tengah, married and had issue. He died 1928.
      • Raja Rustam Shahromani ibni Raja Said Tauphy, born 1907.
    • Raja Abdul Rahman ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Hamid ibni Raja Abdul Rahman
      • Brig. Raja Datok Seri Lope Nor Rashid ibni Raja Abdul Rahman, born 1909, Raja Kecil Besar 1963, died 1977.
    • Raja Abdul Hamid ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah
    • Raja Haji Hussein ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Nong ibni Raja Haji Hussein
      • Raja Aris ibni Raja Haji Hussein, born 15th November 1936, married Che Rosni binti Che Shafie
    • Raja Chik Jaafar ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah
    • Raja Ayesha binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, born 1875.
    • Raja Ensah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah
    • Raja Halijah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, born 1882, died after 1960.
    • Raja Aminah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, born 1884.
    • Raja Maheran binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married 17th November 1899, HH Sultan Amaluddin Al-Sani Perkasa Alam Shah III ibni Ma'amun al-Rashid Perkasa of Deli, and had issue. She died 16th October 190x.
    • Raja Khalijah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, Tengku Permaisuri Deli, married 2nd November 1906, HH Sultan Amaluddin Al-Sani Perkasa Alam Shah III ibni Ma'amun al-Rashid Perkasa of Deli, and had issue. She died 10th November 19xx.
    • Raja Mahtra binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married Raja Harun al-Rashid ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah, Raja Kechil Sulong.
    • Raja Teh binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, married Tengku Salim bin Tengku Mohammed Yusuf of Singapore, and had issue.

  27. HH Paduka Seri Sultan YUSUF I SHARIFUDDIN MUDZAFFAR SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, 27th Sultan of Perak 1877/1887, married and had issue. He died 1887.
    • Raja Pendawa ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah, married Che Alang Sawiah, and had issue.
      • Raja Badri Shah ibni Raja Pendawa, born 1905, married four wives, including 1stly, Raja Nong Teh binti Raja Abdul Majid Bin Raja Mansor Bin Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Shah (see below), and had issue. He died 1976.
        • Raja Ahmad Shah bin Raja Badri Shah (by Raja Nuteh Aishah)
        • Raja Noraini bt Raja Badri Shah (by Raja Nuteh Aishah)
        • Raja Fatimah bt Raja Badri Shah (by Raja Nuteh Aishah)
        • Raja Zainab bt Raja Badri Shah (by second wife)
        • Raja Lan Badariah bt Raja Badri Shah (by third wife)
        • Raja Normah bt Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Izzuddin bin Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Haristan bin Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Akmal Hisham bin Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Suzina bt Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Suzida bt Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Suzira bt Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Yong Nadira Hanim bt Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
        • Raja Adlina bt Raja Badri Shah (by fourth wife)
    • Raja Mansor ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah, married and had issue.
      • Raja Abdul Majid ibni Raja Mansur, married and had issue.
        • Raja Nong Teh binti Raja Abdul Majid, married Raja Badri Shah ibni Raja Pendawa, and had issue (see above).
    • Raja Johor ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah
    • Raja Ajam/Azam ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah
    • HH Raja Perempuan Nuteh Aishah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah, married HH Paduka Seri Sultan Idris I Murshiduladzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar (see below), and had issue.

  28. HH Paduka Seri Sultan IDRIS I MURSHIDUL ADZAM SHAH ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar, 28th Sultan of Perak 1887/1916, born 19th June 1849, married (amongst others) (a) HH Raja Perempuan Nuteh Aishah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah (see above), (b) Tengku Permaisuri Che Uteh Mariah binti Hajji Sulaiman, (c) Che Long Polam, (d) Che Nga Manah and had issue. He died 14th January 1916.
    • HH Paduka Seri Sultan Abdul Djalil Nasiruddin Muhtaram Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Raja Nuteh) (qv)
    • Raja Haji Harun al-Rashid ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Uteh Mariah), Raja Kechil Sulong 1918, married 1stly, Rahmah Binti Ngah Ahmad, married 2ndly, Raja Mahtra binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah (see above), and had issue. He died 10th May 1945.
      • Raja Norshidah binti Raja Harun al-Rashid (by Rahmah), born 1914, married 11th October 1935, HH Sultan Osman Al-Sani Perkasa Alam Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Amaluddin Sani Perkasa Alam Shah of Deli. She 13th September 1978.
      • Y.M. Raja Dato' Seri Arif Shah bin Raja Haji Harun al-Rashid (by Rahmah), married (a), Raja Azizah binti Abdullah, married (b), Tengku Sofia Ibni Almarhum Sultan Sulaiman, and had issue, as well as adoptive issue.
        • Raja Abdul Aziz ibni Raja Dato' Seri Arif Shah, born 1933, married Tengku Aminah Tengku Ismail Pekerma, born 1942, and has issue.
          • Raja Amir Shah ibni Raja Abdul Aziz, married Rosmah bte Ramlan, and has issue.
            • Raja Abdul Rasyid ibni Raja Amir Shah
            • Raja Arif Shah ibni Raja Amir Shah
            • Raja Nur Aida binti Raja Amir Shah
            • Raja Nur Aisyah binti Raja Amir Shah
          • Raja Azmiah binti Raja Abdul Aziz, born 1965, married Mohammed Iskandar Majidi, born 1962, and has issue.
            • Megat Daniel Mohammed Iskandar, born 1993.
            • Putri Alya Mohammed Iskandar, born 1996.
        • Raja Azahan ibni Raja Dato' Seri Arif Shah
        • Raja Mazwin binti Raja Dato' Seri Arif Shah, YMM Raja Perempuan Perak, married 12th August 1943, HH Paduka Seri Sultan Idris II Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadashallah, and has issue. (see below)
        • Raja Sallehudin (Ku Azam) Bin Raja Dato Seri Arif Shah, born 1944, married Tengku Saadiah Binti Tengku Mat Jewa, and has issue, two daughters.
          • Raja Intan Sakina Bt Raja Sallehudin
          • Raja Zarina Bt Raja Sallehudin
        • Raja Bismayazan Binti Raja Dato Seri Arif Shah, married Raja Dato' Seri Dzulkifli Bin Raja (Tun) Uda, and has issue.
          • Raja Aris Fathilah Bin Raja Dato Seri Dzulkifli
          • Raja Zulaika Binti Raja Dato Seri Dzulkifli
          • Raja Arif Shah Bin Raja Dato Seri Dzulkifli
        • Raja Ainul Bismi Binti Raja Dato Seri Arif Shah, married Dato' Seri Syed Yusof Idid, and has issue.
          • Syed Nauzer Idid
          • Sharifah Nilofer Idid
          • Syed Nashfil Idid
        • (A) Bainun Jamaliah Bt Johar, daughter of Johar from Istana Alam Shah, Selangor, and his wife, Che Uteh Surau from the Selangor royal family in the Bandar Temasha, Jugra.
    • Raja Bendahara Abdul Rashid ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Uteh Mariah), married and had issue. He died after 1917.
      • Raja Tengku Ahmed Baharuddin Shah ibni Raja Bendahara Abdul Rashid, born 25th December 1933 in Kuala Kangsar, Tengku Seri Wak Raja Terengganu, married Tengku Zaleha Puteri ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah of Terengganu, and has issue.
        • Datuk Raja Kamaral Bahrin Shah ibni Raja Tengku Ahmed Shah, born c1956, married 1stly, (div.), Fauzia Stephens, adopted daughter of the Chief Minister of Sabah, married 2ndly, 1981 (div. 1986), Jacqueline Pascarl-Gillespie [styled Raja Yasmin], Special Ambassador for CARE International, CARE Australia, CARE International UK and other members of the humanitarian relief and development agency, married 3rdly, 1985, To'Puan Norila Salleh, born 1956, and has issue.
          • Raja Muhammad Baharuddin Ismail Shah ibni Datuk Raja Kamaral Bahrin Shah (by Raja Yasmin), born February 1983.
          • Raja Shahirah Aishah binti Datuk Raja Kamaral Bahrin Shah (by Raja Yasmin), born July 1985.
          • Raja Badruddin Hakim Shah ibni Datuk Raja Kamaral Bahrin Shah (by To'Puan Norila), born 1987.
          • Raja Bahiuddin Ansari Shah ibni Datuk Raja Kamaral Bahrin Shah (by To'Puan Norila), born 1989.
          • Raja Nuraryani Munirah binti Datuk Raja Kamaral Bahrin Shah (by To'Puan Norila), born 1991.
          • Raja Norsalihah Nazirah binti Datuk Raja Kamaral Bahrin Shah (by To'Puan Norila), born 1993.
    • Raja Haji Shu'ib ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Uteh Mariah), Tengku Panglima Dalam. He died after 1912.
    • Raja Shaharuddin ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Uteh Mariah)
    • Raja Puteh Kalsom binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Uteh Mariah), Raja Perempuan Kechil, married 18th December 1899 Raja Chulan ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah (see above) and had issue.
    • Raja Badariah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Uteh Mariah), married Tengku Omar ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad al-Mu'adzam Shah of Pahang, Tengku Setia Raja Pahang, and had issue, 2 sons.
    • Raja Halijah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Uteh Mariah), married HH Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Alauddin Suleiman Shah of Selangor, Tengku Ampuan Selangor.
    • Raja Puteh Mahijeh binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (Che Long Polam)
    • Raja Abdul Hamid ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Nga Manah), born 1873, died after 1912.
    • Raja Ngah Halimah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Nga Manah)
    • HH Paduka Seri Sultan Iskandar Shah II Kadashallah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah (by Che Nga Manah) (qv)
    • Raja Khatijah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah, born 1875.
    • Raja Hadijah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah, Raja Permaisuri Perak 4th-Mar-1939, married 1911, HH Paduka Seri Sultan Abdul Aziz Al-Mutasim Billah Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa (see below). She died 1st October 1939.
    • Raja Arbiah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah
    • Raja Fatimah binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah, born 1899, Tengku Ampuan Selangor, married HH Sultan Alauddin Suleiman Shah ibni Raja Muda Musa of Selangor,  and had issue. She died 1983.

  29. HH Paduka Seri Sultan ABDUL DJALIL NASRUDDIN MUHTARAM SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah, 29th Sultan of Perak 1916/1918, married and had issue. He died 1918.
    • HH Paduka Seri Sultan Yusuf II Izzuddin Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Djalil Nasruddin Muhtaram Shah (qv)
    • Raja Zabedah binti al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Djalil Nasruddin Muhtaram Shah, married 1918 (as his third wife), HH Sultan Ala'uddin Suleiman Shah ibni Raja Muda Musa of Selangor,Tengku Ampuan Selangor, and had issue. She died 17th October 1918.
    • Raja Ambin binti al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Djalil Nasruddin Muhtaram Shah, married Tengku Raja Bendahara Badar Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Alauddin Suleiman Shah of Selangor, and had issue.

  30. HH Paduka Seri Sultan ISKANDAR SHAH II KADASHALLAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Aadzam Shah, 30th Sultan of Perak 1918/1938, born 1881, married married Tengku Nong binti Wan Ahmad of Pahang, and had issue. He died 1938.
    • HH Paduka Seri Sultan Idris II Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadashallah (qv)
    • Raja Fatimah binti al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadashallah, Tunku Ampuan Pahang, married 1926, HH Sultan Sir Abubakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah of Pahang, and had issue.
    • Raja Rafeah binti al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadashallah, married Tengku Setia Diraja Zainal Karib Shah ibni Sultan Alauddin Suleiman Shah of Selangor, born 1911, and had issue.

  31. HH Paduka Seri Sultan ABDUL AZIZ AL-MUTASIM BILLAH SHAH ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa, 31st Sultan of Perak 1938/1948, born 14th November 1887, married 1911, Raja Hadijah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah, Raja Permaisuri Perak 4th-Mar-1939, (see above), died 1st October 1939, and had issue. He died 29th March 1948.
    • Raja Musa ibni Paduka Seri Sultan Abdula Aziz Al-Mutasim Billah Shah, Raja Muda Perak 1963, born 16th June 1919, married (a), Che' Mariam binti Abdullah, married (b), Wan Rafidah binti Wan Rasdi, Che Puan Besar Perak, married (c), Che' Puan Noraini binti Abdullah, married (d), Che' Puan Hajah Hayati binti Abdullah and had issue, 21 children. He died 12th May 1983.
      • Raja Dato Seri Ja'afar ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah), born 1940, Raja Kecil Tengah 1984, Raja Di-Hilir Perak 1997, married 1stly, Raja Datin Seri Nor Mahani Raja Shahar Shah, born 1942, Raja Puan Muda Perak, married 2ndly, January 2002 in Thailand, Hasleza Ishak, born 1976, died 6th October 2002, buried 12th October 2002 at Pantais Remis, and has issue.
        • Raja Azwina binti Raja Dato Sri Ja'afar, born about 1976.
      • Raja Kobat Sallehudin ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Tajjudin ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Abdulaziz ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Sallehulzaman ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Allauddin ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Sharil ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Wan Rafidah binti Wan Rasdi)
      • Raja Hatta ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Wan Rafidah binti Wan Rasdi)
      • Raja Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Wan Rafidah binti Wan Rasdi)
      • Raja Abdul Razak ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Noraini binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Muzafar Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Hajah Hayati binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Khatijah binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Aminah binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Mariam binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Norian binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Wan Rafidah binti Wan Rasdi)
      • Raja Saridatul Dewa binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Wan Rafidah binti Wan Rasdi)
      • Raja Bazura binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Noraini binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Faridah Hanim binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Noraini binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Norma binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Hajah Hayati binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Ta'ayah binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Hajah Hayati binti Abdullah), married Rocky bin Jusof @ Yusoff, and has issue, six children.
      • Raja Noraishah binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Hajah Hayati binti Abdullah)
      • Raja Norazimah binti Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (by Che' Puan Hajah Hayati binti Abdullah)

  32. HH Paduka Seri Sultan YUSUF II IZZUDDIN SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Djalil Nasruddin Muhtaram Shah, 32nd Sultan of Perak 1948/1963, born 15th January 1890, married Hajjah Hatijah binti Diwangsa Ahmad, Toh Puan Besar Perak, and had issue. He died 4th January 1963.
    • HRH Paduka Seri Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Ghafarullah Shah (qv)
    • Raja Bahrum Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Ghafarullah Shah
    • Raja Saidatuliz binti al-Marhum Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Ghafarullah Shah, married Tengku Seri Wangsa Ibrahim Shah ibni Sultan Alauddin Suleiman Shah of Selangor, born 1916, and had issue.

  33. HH Paduka Seri Sultan IDRIS II AL-MUTAWAKKIL ALALLAH SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadashallah, 33rd Sultan of Perak 1963/1984, born 17th August 1924 in Bukit Candan, Kuala Kangsar, Perak, married 12th August 1943, Raja Mazwin binti Raja Dato' Seri Arif Shah, YMM Raja Perempuan Perak, (above) and had issue, seven sons and five daughters. He died 31st January 1984.
    • Raja Datuk Seri Izzuddin Shah ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Idris Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Shah, born 1953, Raja Kechil Besar 1987/2006.
    • Yang Amat Mulia Raja Zarith Sofiah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Idris Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Shah, married Tengku Ibrahim Ismail ibni Sultan Mahmud Iskander of Johore, Tengku Mahkota Johore.

  34. HRH DYMM Paduka Seri Sultan AZLAN
                      MUHIBUDDIN SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yusuf
                      Izzuddin Ghafarullahulahu Shah HRH Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Sultan AZLAN MUHIBUDDIN SHAH ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Ghafarullahulahu Shah, DK., DKM., DMN., DK. (Kelantan), DK. (Trengganu), DK. (Perlis), DK.(Johor), DK, (Selangor), DK.(Kedah), DKMB.(Brunei), DK.(Negri Sembilan), DK (Pahang), SSM., PPM., PSM., SPCM., SPTS., SPMP., SIMP., The most Auspicious Order of The Rajamitrabhorn Thailand; Grand Order of Mugunghwa (Republic of Korea); Collar of The Japanese Order of The Chrysanthemum and Grand Cordon of The Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum (Japan); Civil Order; 1st Class (Oman) and Orden Al-Merito De Chile (Republic of Chile); the Bintang Adi Purna (Republic of Indonesia) and Hon. Knight Grand Cross (Civil Division) of The Order of The Bath (U.K.), 34th Sultan of Perak 1984/2014, born 19th April 1928 in Batu Gajah, Perak, 9th Yang di Pertuan Agong [26.4.1989] - [25.4.1994], he succeeded as the 34th Sultan of Perak on 3rd February 1984, and was officially installed on 9th December 1985, educated at Government English School, Batu Gajah; Malay College, Kuala Kangsar; the University of Nottingham (Bachelor of Laws, 1953). He was admitted to the English Bar by the Honorable Society of Lincoln's Inn on 23rd November 1954, served as the Assistant State Secretary of Perak, later served as First Class Magistrate and as President of the Sessions Court, appointed to the following offices; as Federal Counsel and Deputy Public Prosecutor, Legal Adviser of the State of Pahang and later of Johore, as Registrar of the High Court of Malaya and as Chief Registrar of the Federal Court of Malaysia, eevated to the Bench of the High Court of Malaya in 1965, he was made a Federal Court Judge in 1973, appointed the Chief Justice of the High Court of Malaya 1979/1982, appointed the Lord President (now Chief Justice) of the Federal Court of Malaysia on 12th November 1982, Pro-Chancellor of University Science of Malaysia 1971/1984, Chairman of the Higher Education Advisory Council 1974/1976, he was appointed the Raja Muda Perak (Crown Prince) on 1st July 1983, Chancellor of the University of Malaya since 8th February 1986; he was awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh on 2nd October 1991, he served as President of the Malaysian Hockey Federation, President of the Asian Hockey Federation and Vice-President of the International Hockey Federation; he is the Royal Patron of the Malaysian Law Society in Great Britain and Eire, the British Graduates Association of Malaysia, the Academy of Medicine of Malaysia, National Cancer Association of Malaysia, W.W.F. Malaysia, the Rotary Club, the Lions Club, the Royal Ipoh Club and the Royal Perak Golf Club, the Iskandar Polo Club, Ipoh, the Kuala Kangsar Golf Club, the Malaysian Nature Society and the Perak Veteran Hockey Association; married 1955, HRH Tuanku Bainun binti Mohamad Ali, born in Pulau Pinang, educated at the St. Georgeís School, Pulau Pinang, and at the Teacherís Training College, Kirkby, England from 1952 to 1954, she worked as a teacher for 22 years teaching at several schools in Kuala Lumpur, Seremban (Negeri Sembilan), Raub (Pahang), Taiping (Perak) and Kuantan (Pahang), she was awarded "A Fellowship of John Moores University, Liverpool, U.K." in appreciation of her contribution to the public and in the field of education,  she was installed as Raja Permaisuri Perak Darul Ridzuan on 19th February 1984 and elected as the Raja Permaisuri Agong [26.4.1989] - [25.4.1994], Duli Yang Maha Mulia [cr.1984], she is the patron of several charities and associations namely Perak Women's Netball Association, Perak Womenís Badminton Association, Girl Guides, Perak Women's Hockey Association and PERKIM; and had issue, two sons and three daughters. He died on 29th May 2014 at the National Heart Institute in Kuala Lumpur.
    • HRH Raja Muda Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah, born 27th November 1956, Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Raja Muda Perak Darul Ridzuan, holds a Ph.D. in Politics and Economics from Oxford University and a Masters Degree in Political Economy and Government from Harvard University, USA; pro-Chancellor of the University of Malaya; married 17th May 2007 at at Istana Iskandariah, Bukit Chandan, D.K. Tuanku Zara Salim, Raja Puan Besar Perak [18.5.2007], Darjah Kerabat [cr.18.5.2007], daughter of Salim Davidson, and his wife, Sharifah Azaliah Tan Sri Syed Omar Shahabudin, and has issue.
      • Raja (name unknown), born 14th March 2008 in Kuala Lumpur.
    • HH Yang Amat Mulia Dato Seri Raja Azureen binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah, born 9th December 1957, holds a bachelor's Degree in Mathematics and Economics from Syracuse University, USA and a Master's Degree in Business Administration from London Business School, University of London, England; married Datoí Seri Mohammed Salleh bin DatoíIsmail.
    • HH Yang Amat Mulia Datuk Seri Raja Ashman Shah ibni al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah, born 28th December 1958, holds a Degree in Economics from the University of Nottingham, England, a Master of Laws from Cambridge University; Barrister-at-Law from Lincolnís Inn, London, and a Diploma in Business Law, University of London, England; awarded the title of Yang Amat Mulia Raja Kechil Bongsu Perak Darul Ridzuan on 11th May 1987, he was appointed Raja Kechil Sulong of Perak on 16th March 2010; married Datin Seri Noraini Jane Kamarul Ariffin, and had issue, one son and two daughters. He died 30th March 2012 at Bukit Damansara in Kuala Lumpur, buried in the Royal Mausoluem in Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar.
      • Datuk Raja Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah ibni Datuk Seri Raja Ashman Shah
      • Raja Eminah Alliyah  binti Datuk Seri Raja Ashman Shah
      • Raja Bainunisa Safia binti Datuk Seri Raja Ashman Shah
    • HH Yang Amat Mulia Raja Eleena binti al-MarhumPaduka Seri Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah, born 3rd April 1960, holds a Bachelor's Degree in Law from the University of London and Barrister-at-Law from Lincolnís Inn, London; now a solicitor with her own legal firm in Kuala Lumpur.
    • HH Yang Amat Mulia Raja Yong Sofiah binti al-Marhum Paduka Seri Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah, born 24th June 1961, holds a Master's Degree in Administration from Londonís International University, England; serving in Bank Bumiputra Malaysia, married 5th December 1987, Yang Mulia Tunku Kamel ibni Tunku Rijaluddin.

  35. (see above)

    NOTES:
    The state is divided into nine districts and its major towns include, Ipoh, Kuala Kangsar, Taiping, Teluk Intan and Lumut. Kuala Kangsar is the royal town of Perak, while Ipoh is the administrative centre and state capital. For centuries, Perak was renowned for its rich tin deposits. It is believed that the state derived its name, which means silver in Malay, from the silvery tin ore. The Sultans of Perak after 1786 were the descendants of Sultan Ahmaddin Shah, the 18th Sultan of the State, who was also known as Marhum Bongsu. Descendants of the Sultan Ahmaddin Shah's three sons - Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah (the 18th Sultan), Raja Inu and Raja Abdul Rahman - took turns to ascend the throne. On the death of a Sultan, the son was not the automatic successor although he could be made the new Ruler. Six people have the right to ascend the Perak throne upon the demise of a Sultan - the Raja Muda, the Raja Di Hilir, the Raja Kecil Besar, the Raja Kecil Sulung, the Raja Kecil Tengah and the Raja Kecil Bongsu. Although it is not automatic, the Raja Muda is usually made the new Sultan by the Dewan Negara Perak, which comprises dignitaries of the State. Apart from the six titled princes, there are several other dignitaries, all headed by the Orang Kaya Bendahara Seri Maharaja. They are the Orang Besar Empat, Orang Besar Lapan, the Toh Muda Orang Besar Empat, the Toh Muda Orang Besar Lapan, the Orang Besar 16 and the Orang Besar 32. They are appointed by the Sultan on the advice of the Dewan Negara to carry out specific duties entrusted upon them from time to time. The Dewan Negara functions as the Sultan's advisory body.
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